Traditionally, the Icelandic Age of Settlement is considered to have lasted from 874 to 930, at which point most of the island had been claimed and Alþingi (Althingi), the assembly of the Icelandic Commonwealth, was founded in Þingvellir (Thingvellir).
Almost everything known about the first settlers comes from Íslendingabók, and Landnámabók, two historical records preserved in skin manuscripts.
For example, my last name indicates that I’m the son of Aðalsteinn (my father’s name) so therefore I am Aðalsteinsson.”“The idea for the incest-prevention feature comes from our culture,” he said.
“Accidentally sleeping with a relative has been a running joke in Icelandic culture for a while.”Arnar said he got involved with the project when the Book of Icelanders ran a contest to create a mobile experience using the database.
They said that darkness reigned during winter but that the summers were bright enough to pick lice from one's clothing.
So, to use Iceland’s most famous export as an example, all that the surname of Björk Guðmundsdóttir tells us about her heritage is that her mother’s first name was Guðmund.
Information which, if exchanged in a bar late at night when Sigur Ros is playing really loudly, may not give many hints as to exact lineage or potential problems at the next family get-together.
The Landnámabók claims that the first Norseman to rest his feet on Icelandic soil was a viking by the name of Naddoddr.
Naddoddr stayed for only a short period of time, but gave the country a name: Snæland (Land of Snow).