Jamestown, Virginia: In May 1607, English explorers with the Virginia Company landed on Jamestown Island, 60 miles from the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay.
Almost immediately the colonists were attacked by Algonquian natives, who would continue with their attacks for years, and the newcomers were forced to build a wooden fort.
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Please feel free to submit your travel guide, personal travelogue, United States hotel guide or any other travel related story. You are not logged in: Login · Register · Submit Article This article: PDF version · printable version See also: United States Start Page · United States Travel Articles North American Indians were on the North American continent from as early as 11,000 BC.
Santa Fe was originally occupied by Pueblo Indians from 1050 to 1607.
The conquistador Don Francisco Vasques de Coronado described the Indian settlement in 1540, 67 years before the founding of the city of Santa Fe. On December 21, 1620, 102 disillusioned English puritans sailing on the Mayflower landed at Plymouth Rock on the eastern shore of Cape Cod Bay in what is now southeast Massachusetts.
The colony continued for a number of decades often close to collapse.
In 1610, the English returned to the Indian village and began the construction of Fort Henry and Fort Charles at the mouth of Hampton Creek.
In 1619, the settlers chose an English name for the community, Elizabeth City.
Mesa Verde is another ancient city that is over a thousand years old and was built by the Pueblo Indians.
However, almost all of these ancient pueblos were abandoned and now stand as ruins rather than vibrant cities. Mexico City is probably the oldest city in North America, as a continuation of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán, founded in about 1325. John's, Newfoundland, Canada was settled in 1528, and claims to be the oldest European-settled city in North America. John's earned its name when the explorer John Cabot became the first European to sail into its harbor on the Feast of St. It's also the easternmost city on the North American continent.